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Saltillo, Mexico

Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico

Saltillo is the capital of Coahuila situated in the northeastern part of Mexico. It is located 400 miles south of Texas. In 2008 it had a population of 725,259 people which makes it the 20th largest city in Mexico. In 2006 Inversionista magazine chose Saltillo out of 53 cities as the best city in Mexico to live in.

Saltillo was settled by the Spanish in 1577 making it the oldest settlement after the conquest in north Mexico. The city was made the capital of Coahuila in 1824 that included the State of Texas before the Texas War of Independence.

Saltillo’s climate is arid because of its location in the Chihuahuan Desert. However, temperatures tend to be cooler because of its altitude of 1,600 meters. Summer days are hot with cool temperatures at night and winters are cool but sunny. There is very little rainfall and most of the rains fall in summer than winter.

Saltillo is noted for two products manufactured and exported to other areas: Saltillo tile and woven serapes. Saltillo is also home to a General Motors assembly plant, a Chrysler truck assembly plant, a car transmission plant and two engine manufacturing plants. The city manufactures 37.4% of cars and 62.6% of trucks in Mexico.

Saltillo is also the birthplace of several actors, writers, and former US representative, Carlos Bee.